Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder involves impairment in several areas of development, which includes social interactions, communication with others, and everyday behaviors, interests, and activities. Richard, a child with autism, shows a range of deficits characteristic of this disorder. “Richard, aged 3½ years, appeared to be aloof from others. He did not greet hisContinue reading AUTISM


Oppositional defiant disorder, categorized as a Behaviour Disorder in Childhood is considered a less severe pattern of chronic misbehaviour among children. Children with oppositional defiant disorder are not aggressive toward people or animals, do not destroy property, and do not show a pattern of theft and deceit. However, these children have been increasingly difficult toContinue reading “OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER (ODD) IN CHILDREN”

Conduct Disorder(CD) in children

We have all known bullies and troublemakers all through our school days. However, a small number of children engage in other serious transgressions of societal norms for behaviour and demonstrate a chronic pattern of unconcern for the basic rights of others. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision-IV (DSM-IV-TR) provides the frameworkContinue reading “Conduct Disorder(CD) in children”

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children

We like to think of childhood as a time relatively free of worry and psychological problems. Just as adults, children too suffer from psychological problems. These may be ranging from simple behavioural, emotional, or learning problems to complex psychological problems.“Walking through the grocery store, you suddenly hear a child screaming. You look around and seeContinue reading “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children”